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Winter and Fall are the times of the year for colds and flu. Both processes are infections that, although they share certain characteristics, are different diseases. You can control them with medicines; in this article, we will see a cold and flu medicines review.

Different diseases

Influenza, cold. Infection through an airborne droplet.

The flu is a respiratory disease caused by the virus of influenza. The gateway for the virus is respiratory. The virus spreads through droplets from coughs and sneezes of infected people. Its incubation period is approximately 48 hours. The disease appears between 48 and 72 hours after being infected. The symptoms of the disease can last between 4 to 8 days. The flu is a highly contagious disease that spreads quickly.

The common cold is a viral disease in the respiratory system. There are quite 200 sorts of viruses that will cause colds.

Cold and flu medicines review

Pharmaceutical illustration of cold and flu medicines

There are many medicines to control colds and flu. I say control because most of the time, colds (and flu) are caused by viruses, and we know that there are no treatments to eliminate viruses, but rather that the body is in charge of eliminating them.

Here is a list of the cold and flu medicines review most used to control these diseases:

  • Antihistamines: These medications improve nasal congestion and runny nose. The symptoms generally improve over time on their own but can be induced by these medications.
  • Pain relievers: This type of disease generates pain in different parts of the respiratory system, in addition to headaches and body pain. In the cold and flu medicines review, one of the main medicines that are prescribed is painkillers.
  • Antipyretics: A type of medicine widely used when suffering from the flu or a cold is antipyretics, since controlling fever and body temperature is important.
  • Antivirals: The way that antivirals work is by inhibiting the enzyme neuraminidase, which works so that virus can reproduce. The best-known medicine in this regard is Tamiflu, and it is considered that it has some effectiveness in preventing the virus from continuing to reproduce.
  • We must remember that antivirals do not eliminate the infection, but they can control the spread of the virus. It can alleviate the disease in fewer days but without curing the infection since that is what the body takes care of. They should not be taken as preventive medicines.
  • Antitussives: Cough is one of the most common conditions that can appear during a cold and flu; that is why some cough medicine may be prescribed to alleviate the symptoms.
  • Antibiotics: not very common, but during colds or flu, a bacterial infection can also develop in addition to the illness caused by the virus. When this happens, it is necessary to use an antibiotic to fight the infection. You must remember that they will only act against bacterial infection since antibiotics do not work for viruses.
  • Non-steroidal analgesic-anti-inflammatory drugs: In the cold and flu medicines review list, we see these types of medicine very often. These medications serve as antipyretics and pain relievers and reduce pain and fever. It also has a de-inflammatory effect. Some creams are placed under the nose and release vapors that help decongest and help the respiratory system. Also, honey can be used as a natural remedy to help with inflammation and pain caused by viruses.
  • Anti-flu drugs: This type of medicine helps to relieve the symptoms of the flu, but it does not fight the disease. They are generally combinations of antitussives, pain relievers, and antihistamines. These are not usually prescription drugs, but they are very popular in pharmacies and are widely used to relieve discomfort and symptoms. They are generally very commercial products, with well-known brands that are highly promoted in the newspaper and on television.

Colds and flu tend to heal on their own, and you generally don’t need to take any treatment other than to relieve symptoms if they are very bothersome. Let our bodies act and have patience.

Cold and flu medicines review – Tips to relieve symptoms

cold and flu medicine and treatment concept

These are some tips that can help you alleviate cold and flu symptoms:

  • Fever should not always be treated if it is not higher than 38.5ºC; it is a defense mechanism that helps kill viruses.
  • A diet with fruits and vegetables is suggested. Vitamin C comes from fruits such as – kiwis, tangerines, oranges, acerola, and pomegranates.
  • To decongest the nose and calm the cough, water mist or with chamomile, thyme, or eucalyptus are preferable (avoid the latter in asthmatics). Only for 2 or 3 days, decongestant sprays can be used. They shouldn’t have corticosteroids or menthol bars. For the cough, try putting heat on your chest if you feel loaded.
  • As medicine and only if you need to make the symptoms of fever, malaise, muscle pain, or sore throat more bearable, paracetamol is always preferable to ibuprofen.
  • Drink fluids but without going overboard. Especially hot if there is no high fever, such as herbal teas or broths. You can use ginger with lemon and honey, linden, chamomile, thyme, echinacea, licorice, eucalyptus, mallow, and/or marshmallow.
  • Cough medicines should only be used in cases of irritating dry cough (without mucus) and for the shortest possible time. They can be used only at night.
  • Do not expect to feel well right away; take advantage of these days to rest and reduce your pace of life. Let the body recover little by little. After the flu, a dry cough and tiredness can last up to 4 weeks. If the general symptoms are improving, everything is fine.